Whether you’re a beginner, a career digital photographer, or somewhere in
between, your monitor is your digital dark room and its color capabilities
will impact the accuracy with which you view, edit and reproduce
Your camera digitally encodes color into a specific color space, such as
sRGB or Adobe RGB. Most general-use monitors are not able to entirely
cover these spaces. Since no monitor can display colors that fall outside of
its available color space(s), if you shoot in sRGB (or Adobe RGB) and your
monitor covers only part of this space, your images as shown on screen
will be missing colors.
This has a significant impact on photo quality. When you view photos in a
color space smaller than the one in with which they were shot, the missing
color data reduces the level of detail, resulting in muddier, less vivid
colors. When editing photos, any work performed on a less-than-accurate
monitor won’t represent the final colors reproduced. And, by adjusting an
incomplete image, any changes you make to these incorrect colors can
make what you’re trying to fix worse.
Professional-grade monitors are purpose-built for color accuracy. With
full Adobe RGB and sRGB color space coverage, pro monitors deliver
greater detail and more true-to-life colors. Additional features like 6-axis
color adjustment and color space/Gamma level presets provide simplified
fine tuning. Monitors with a 3D lookup table (LUT) enable the monitors to
automatically adapt to deliver smoother color gradations; while a low Delta
E metric indicates greater color performance.